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Diabetes Management Journal June 2017 References


p6: Could seal oil reverse diabetic neuropathy?

The effects of omega-3 supplementation on neuropathy in Type 1 diabetes, published in the June 2017 edition of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

p7: Study: Metformin combined with gut microbes improves blood glucose

Nature Medicine, DOI: 10.1038/nm.4345

p7: Study treating obstructive sleep apnoea may have benefits for the heart and blood glucose

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, online June 8, 2017

p7: Predictive diagnostic test success



Cohort profile: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22544845


Pages 8-13: Evidence-based recommendations for daily diabetic foot care

  1. Zhang P, Lu J, Jing Y, Tang S, Zhu D, Bi Y. Global Epidemiology of Diabetic Foot Ulceration: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Ann Med 2016 Sep 1:1-21.
  2. Lazzarini PA, Hurn SE, Kuys SS, Kamp MC, Ng V, Thomas C, et al. Direct inpatient burden caused by foot-related conditions: a multisite point-prevalence study. BMJ Open 2016 Jun 20;6(6):e010811-2015-010811.
  3. Skrepnek GH, Mills JL S, Armstrong DG. A Diabetic Emergency One Million Feet Long: Disparities and Burdens of Illness among Diabetic Foot Ulcer Cases within Emergency Departments in the United States, 2006-2010. PLoS One 2015 Aug 6;10(8):e0134914.
  4. Carinci F, Massi Benedetti M, Klazinga NS, Uccioli L. Lower extremity amputation rates in people with diabetes as an indicator of health systems performance. A critical appraisal of the data collection 2000-2011 by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Acta Diabetol 2016 Oct;53(5):825-832.
  5. Apelqvist J, Bakker K, van Houtum WH, Nabuurs-Franssen MH, Schaper NC. International consensus and practical guidelines on the management and the prevention of the diabetic foot. International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2000 Sep-Oct;16 Suppl 1:S84-92.
  6. van Houtum WH. Barriers to the delivery of diabetic foot care. Lancet 2005 Nov 12;366(9498):1678-1679.
  7. Wu SC, Jensen JL, Weber AK, Robinson DE, Armstrong DG. Use of pressure offloading devices in diabetic foot ulcers: do we practice what we preach? Diabetes Care 2008 Nov;31(11):2118-2119.
  8. Prompers L, Huijberts M, Apelqvist J, Jude E, Piaggesi A, Bakker K, et al. Delivery of care to diabetic patients with foot ulcers in daily practice: results of the Eurodiale Study, a prospective cohort study. Diabet Med 2008 Jun;25(6):700-707.
  9. Raspovic A, Landorf KB. A survey of offloading practices for diabetes-related plantar neuropathic foot ulcers. J Foot Ankle Res 2014 Aug 13;7:35-014-0035-8. eCollection 2014.
  10. Quinton TR, Lazzarini PA, Boyle FM, Russell AW, Armstrong DG. How do Australian podiatrists manage patients with diabetes? The Australian diabetic foot management survey. J Foot Ankle Res 2015 Apr 18;8:16-015-0072-y. eCollection 2015.
  11. Gupta S, Rai N, Bhattacharrya O, Cheng AY, Connelly KA, Boulet LP, et al. Optimizing the language and format of guidelines to improve guideline uptake. CMAJ 2016 Oct 4;188(14):E362-E368.
  12. Kastner M, Bhattacharyya O, Hayden L, Makarski J, Estey E, Durocher L, et al. Guideline uptake is influenced by six implementability domains for creating and communicating guidelines: a realist review. J Clin Epidemiol 2015 May;68(5):498-509.
  13. Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Vist GE, Kunz R, Falck-Ytter Y, Alonso-Coello P, et al. GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations. BMJ 2008 Apr 26;336(7650):924-926.
  14. van Netten JJ, Price PE, Lavery LA, Monteiro-Soares M, Rasmussen A, Jubiz Y, et al. Prevention of foot ulcers in the at-risk patient with diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:84-98.
  15. Bus SA, van Deursen RW, Armstrong DG, Lewis JE, Caravaggi CF, Cavanagh PR, et al. Footwear and offloading interventions to prevent and heal foot ulcers and reduce plantar pressure in patients with diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:99-118.
  16. Brownrigg JR, Hinchliffe RJ, Apelqvist J, Boyko EJ, Fitridge R, Mills JL, et al. Effectiveness of bedside investigations to diagnose peripheral artery disease among people with diabetes mellitus: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:119-127.
  17. Brownrigg JR, Hinchliffe RJ, Apelqvist J, Boyko EJ, Fitridge R, Mills JL, et al. Performance of prognostic markers in the prediction of wound healing or amputation among patients with foot ulcers in diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:128-135.
  18. Hinchliffe RJ, Brownrigg JR, Andros G, Apelqvist J, Boyko EJ, Fitridge R, et al. Effectiveness of revascularization of the ulcerated foot in patients with diabetes and peripheral artery disease: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:136-144.
  19. Peters EJ, Lipsky BA, Aragon-Sanchez J, Boyko EJ, Diggle M, Embil JM, et al. Interventions in the management of infection in the foot in diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:145-153.
  20. Game FL, Apelqvist J, Attinger C, Hartemann A, Hinchliffe RJ, Londahl M, et al. Effectiveness of interventions to enhance healing of chronic ulcers of the foot in diabetes: a systematic review. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:154-168.
  21. Schaper NC, Van Netten JJ, Apelqvist J, Lipsky BA, Bakker K, International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot. Prevention and management of foot problems in diabetes: a Summary Guidance for Daily Practice 2015, based on the IWGDF Guidance Documents. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:7-15.
  22. Bakker K, Apelqvist J, Lipsky BA, Van Netten JJ, International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot. The 2015 IWGDF guidance documents on prevention and management of foot problems in diabetes: development of an evidence-based global consensus. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:2-6.
  23. Bus SA, van Netten JJ, Lavery LA, Monteiro-Soares M, Rasmussen A, Jubiz Y, et al. IWGDF guidance on the prevention of foot ulcers in at-risk patients with diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:16-24.
  24. Bus SA, Armstrong DG, van Deursen RW, Lewis JE, Caravaggi CF, Cavanagh PR, et al. IWGDF guidance on footwear and offloading interventions to prevent and heal foot ulcers in patients with diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:25-36.
  25. Hinchliffe RJ, Brownrigg JR, Apelqvist J, Boyko EJ, Fitridge R, Mills JL, et al. IWGDF guidance on the diagnosis, prognosis and management of peripheral artery disease in patients with foot ulcers in diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:37-44.
  26. Lipsky BA, Aragon-Sanchez J, Diggle M, Embil J, Kono S, Lavery L, et al. IWGDF guidance on the diagnosis and management of foot infections in persons with diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:45-74.
  27. Game FL, Attinger C, Hartemann A, Hinchliffe RJ, Londahl M, Price PE, et al. IWGDF guidance on use of interventions to enhance the healing of chronic ulcers of the foot in diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2016 Jan;32 Suppl 1:75-83.
  28. Jeffcoate WJ, Bus SA, Game FL, Hinchliffe RJ, Price PE, Schaper NC, et al. Reporting standards of studies and papers on the prevention and management of foot ulcers in diabetes: required details and markers of good quality. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2016 Sep;4(9):781-788.
  29. Lazzarini PA, Gurr JM, Rogers JR, Schox A, Bergin SM. Diabetes foot disease: the Cinderella of Australian diabetes management? J Foot Ankle Res 2012 Oct 1;5(1):24-1146-5-24.
  30. Armstrong DG, Kanda VA, Lavery LA, Marston W, Mills JL S, Boulton AJ. Mind the gap: disparity between research funding and costs of care for diabetic foot ulcers. Diabetes Care 2013 Jul;36(7):1815-1817.
  31. National Evidence-Based Guideline on Prevention, Identification and Management of Foot Complications in Diabetes (Part of the Guidelines on Management of Type 2 Diabetes). Melbourne, Australia; 2011.
  32. Diabetic Foot Australia. DFA Guides You Through: Australian and International Guidelines on Diabetic Foot Disease. 2016; Available at: https://www.diabeticfootaustralia.org//wp-content/uploads/2016/07/DFA-Guides-you-through-guidelines.pdf.
  33. Diabetic Foot Australia. The Australian Diabetic Foot Ulcer Minimum Dataset. 2016; Available at: https://www.diabeticfootaustralia.org/for-researchers/australian-diabetic-foot-ulcer-minimum-dataset-dictionary/. Accessed March 22, 2017.
  34. Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership, National Diabetes Audit. National Diabetes Foot Care Audit Report 2014-2016. 2017;V1.0. Available at: http://content.digital.nhs.uk/searchcatalogue?productid=24603&q=national+diabetes+foot+care+audit&sort=Relevance&size=10&page=1#top

Pages 16-19:   Ramadan: Fasting & Feasting

  1. International Diabetes Federation (IDF). IDF Diabetes Atlas (Seventh Edition), 2015, available at: http://www.diabetesatlas.org/resources/2015-atlas.html
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2010;http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0main+features902012-2013
  3. Ghani F. Most Muslims say they fast during Ramadan, 2013; available at: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/07/09/global-median-of-93-of-muslims-say-they-fast-duringramadan/
  4. Salti I, Benard E, Detournay B, et al. A population-based study of diabetes and its characteristics during the fasting month of Ramadan in 13 countries: results of the epidemiology of diabetes and Ramadan 1422/2001 (EPIDIAR) study. Diabetes Care 2004; 27:2306-11
  5. Hafiz Y. How long Muslims fast for Ramadan around the world, The Huffington Post, http://www.huffingtonpost.com.au/entry/ramadan-fasting-times_n_5537721
  6. Lessan N, Hannoun Z, Hasan H, et al. Glucose excursions and glycaemic control during Ramadan fasting in diabetic patients: Insights from continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), Diabetes Metabolism, 2015; 41:28-36.
  7. Alhyas L, McKay A, Balasanthiran A, et al. Quality of type 2 diabetes management in the states of the Co-operation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf: a systematic review, PLoS One 2011; 6:e22186
  8. Gabrit B et al. Diabetes Metabolism, 2011; 37:395-402

Pages 20-21: Running on empty

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Health Survey: Physical Activity, 2011-2012. Available at URL Accessed April 2017.
  2. Marwick TH, Hordern MD, Miller T, et al. Exercise training for type 2 diabetes mellitus: impact on cardiovascular risk: a scientific statement from the American heart association. Circulation 2009; 119: 3244–3262.
  3. Tuomilehto J, Lindstrom J, Eriksson J, et al. Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 1343–50.
  4. Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Mary S, et al. The Indian diabetes prevention programme shows that lifestyle modification and metformin prevent type 2 diabetes in Asian Indian subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IDPP-1). Diabetologia 2006;49:289–297.
  5. Lindstrom J, Ilanne-Parikka P, Peltonen M, et al. Sustained reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention: follow-up of the Finnish diabetes prevention study. Lancet 2006;368:1673–1679.
  6. Li G, Zhang P, Wang J, et al. The long-term effect of lifestyle interventions to prevent diabetes in the China Da Qing diabetes prevention study: a 20-year follow-up study. Lancet 2008;371:1783–1789.
  7. Church TS, Blair SN, Cocreham S, et al. Effects of aerobic resistance training on hemoglobin a1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2010;304:2253–2262.
  8. Dunstan DW, Daly RM, Owen N, et al. High-intensity resistance training improves glycemic control in older patients with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2002;25:1729–1736.
  9. Sigal RJ, Kenny GP, Boule NG, et al. Effects of aerobic training, resistance training, or both on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 2007;147:357–369.
  10. Colberg S, Sigal R, Fernhall B et al. Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes: The American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: joint position statement. Diabetes Care; 2010 Dec; 33(12): e147-167.
  11. Hu G, Jousilahti P, Barengo N, et al. Physical activity, cardiovascular risk factors, and mortality among Finnish adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care 2005; 28: 799–805.
  12. Hordern M, Dunstan D, Prins J et al. Exercise prescription for patients with type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes: A position statement from Exercise and Sport Science Australia. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2012; 15: 25-31.
  13. Department of Health. Australia’s Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines. Available at URL http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/content/health-pubhlth-strateg-phys-act-guidelines. Accessed April 2017.
  14. Orozco LJ, Buchleitner AM, Gimenez-Perez G, Roque IFM, Richter B, Mauricio D. Exercise or exercise and diet for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008(3):CD003054.
  15. Physical activity in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. Available at URL http://www.nevdgp.org.au/info/careplans/45_49/HFdiabetesActivity.pdf. Accessed April 2017.
  16. Colberg S, Laan R, Dassau E & Kerr D. Physical activity and type 1 diabetes. J Diabetes Sci Technol 2015 May; 9(3): 609-618.
  17. Padayachee C and Coombes J. Exercise guidelines for gestational diabetes mellitus. World J Diabetes 2015; Jul 25; 6(8): 1033-1044.

Pages 26-28: Silver Surfers – health and technology for the older set

  1. [accessed 2016 Nov 6]. Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8146.0.
  2. Victorian Health Promotion Foundation. Technology and olderpeople:findingsfromtheVicHealthIndicatorsSurvey: Researchhighlights.CarltonSouth:VicHealth;2013Oct.
  3. Drincic A, Prahalad P, Greenwood D, Klonoff DC. Evidence-based Mobile Medical Applications in Diabetes. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2016 Dec;45(4):943-965.
  4. Neubeck L, Lowres N, Benjamin EJ, Freedman SB, Coorey G, Redfern J. The mobile revolution – using smartphone apps to prevent cardiovascular disease. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2015 Jun;12(6):350-60
  5. Chow CK, Redfern J, Hillis GS, et al. Effect of Lifestyle- Focused Text Messaging on Risk Factor Modification in PatientsWithCoronaryHeartDiseaseARandomizedClinical Trial.JAMA.2015Sep;314(12):1255-1263.
  6. Selwyn N, Gorard S, Furlong J, Madden L. Older adults’ use ofinformationandcommunicationstechnologyineveryday life.AgeingandSociety.2003Sep1;23(5):561–82.
  7. CentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention(CDC).National DiabetesPreventionProgram[Internet].Atlanta:CDC;2016 Jan14[accessed2016Nov6].Availableat:http://www.cdc. gov/diabetes/prevention/about/index.html.
  8. Browne JL, Bennet A, Halliday JA, Holmes-Truscott E, SpeightJ.DiabetespeersupportinAustralia:Anational survey.DiabetesVictoria,Melbourne.2016May30.
  9. Jakicic JM, Davis KK, Rogers RJ, et al. Effect of Wearable Technology Combined With a Lifestyle Intervention on Long-termWeightLoss:TheIDEARandomizedClinicalTrial. JAMA.2016Sep20;316(11):1161-1171.
  10. Holmes J. Why texting is the most important information service in the world [Internet]. The Atlantic; 2011 Aug 2 [accessed2016Nov6].Availableat:http://www.theatlantic. com/technology/archive/2011/08/why-texting-is-the-most- important-information-service-in-the-world/242951/.

Page 34: Bread and weight loss

  1. http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/4364.0.55.012~2011-12~Main%20Features~Grains~16. Accessed 13th April, 2017.
  2. Grains and Legumes Nutrition Council 2014 Consumption & Attitudes Study. Unpublished: 2014 - http://www.glnc.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Australians-at-Risk-2014-Grains-Legumes-Consumption-Attitudinal-Study.pdf
  3. Aune et al Whole grain consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all cause and cause specific mortality: systematic review and dose response meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ. 2016;353
  4. Zong et al. Whole Grain Intake and Mortality From All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Circulation. 2016;133(24):2370-80.
  5. Chen et al. Whole-grain intake and total, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. AJCN. 2016; 104(1):164-72.
  6. Wei et al. Whole-grain consumption and the risk of all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality: a meta-analysis of
  7. Prospective cohort studies. Br J Nutr. 2016; 116(03):514
  8. Kohansal et al. Whole-Grain Intake and Mortality from All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Cancer: A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal. 2016;7(6):1052.
  9. Fayet-Moore. The Cross-Sectional Association between Consumption of the Recommended Five Food Group “Grain (Cereal)”, Dietary Fibre and Anthropometric Measures among Australian Adults. Nutrients 2017; 9(2): 157.
  10. Australian Dietary Guideline published by the NHMRC 2013 https://www.eatforhealth.gov.au/sites/default/files/content/n55_australian_dietary_guidelines.pdf

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